MANSABDARI SYSTEM OF AKBAR PDF

Mansabdari System First Published: May 29, Last Updated:May 29, Mansabdari System was a system introduced by Akbar for military administration and territorial commands grant and revenue to sustain parts of army. His experiences led him to conclude that rather than relying in the Irani and Turkish nobles, he should also include the Indian Muslims Sheikhzadas , Afghans and Rajputs in the Mughal army. The Mansabdari system was borrowed from the system followed in Mongolia. The Mughal officers whether Hindus or Muslims were granted territorial commands in return for the military service. They had to bring in some fixed number of men-at-arms, horses and elephants to the field and were rated as per the numbers which was known as Zats.

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Mansabdari System First Published: May 29, Last Updated:May 29, Mansabdari System was a system introduced by Akbar for military administration and territorial commands grant and revenue to sustain parts of army. His experiences led him to conclude that rather than relying in the Irani and Turkish nobles, he should also include the Indian Muslims Sheikhzadas , Afghans and Rajputs in the Mughal army.

The Mansabdari system was borrowed from the system followed in Mongolia. The Mughal officers whether Hindus or Muslims were granted territorial commands in return for the military service. They had to bring in some fixed number of men-at-arms, horses and elephants to the field and were rated as per the numbers which was known as Zats. So they were called Mansabdars of 10, 20, , and and so on.

Mansingh was the first Mansabdar of zats and Bhagwan Das with zats enjoyed the privileged position in the Mansabdari system of Akbar. But again this system was not perfect. The greed of the Mansabdars ate all the grant or revenue and no money was left for the soldiers. There was a general corruption that the Mansabdars dressed their kith and kins, servants, dhobis and Malis as soldiers and registered them and send them back to do what they were doing earlier.

The weavers and carpenters were hired to obtain a Mansab and become a Crori, and later not a trace of the horse brought by them would be found.

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Role of Mansabdari and Jagirdari System During Mughal Empire

History[ edit ] The system was common to both the military and the civil department and is believed to have originated in Mongolia. It was prevalent during the reign of Babur and Humayun as well. Akbar made important changes to the system and made it more efficient. Zat and Sawar[ edit ] During later years of his reign, Akbar introduced the ranks of zat and sawar in the system. Different views have been expressed regarding these terms.

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Mansabdari System as Introduced by Akbar

Strictly speaking Akbar was not the originator of this system. Akbar introduced several changes in this system. This system was the pillar of the Mughal administration. By abolishing the jagirdari system, the mansabdari system was introduced. It proved quite effective.

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Mansabdari System

The term mansab literally means position, status or rank, but in context of the structure of the Mughal administration it indicated the rank of mansabdar- that is holder of mansab - in the official hierarchy. Here, we are giving complete information on how the mechanism of the Mansabdari System used in Mughal Administration. Then, it was first introduced by Babur in North India. The Mansabdars were said to be the pillars of the Mughal administration; the entire nobility, in fact belonged to mansabs; among them one or the other held a mansab. Mansabdari system was nothing but a system of nobles or mansabdars under which a mansabdar or noble was granted the rights to hold a jaguar which meant revenue assignments not the land itself for services rendered by them, but the authority bestowed upon them was not unbridled but with the direct control of these nobles in the hands of the king. Campaigns of Mahmud of Ghazni in India: A Complete Overview Mechanism of Mansabdari System As above-mentioned mansabdars were paid either in cash naqd or in the form of assignments of areas of land jagir out of which they had the entitlement to collect the land revenue and all other taxes through an authority appointed by the emperor.

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Mansabdari System in Mughal Administration

Therefore, Mansabdar means an officer or the holder of the rank, status, and post. Before Akbar, there was no division of civil and military functions of the state. The soldiers had to fight in war and also perform duty of police in the state. Akbar introduced a new system for regulating imperial services which was called Mansabdari system. It was introduced in A. All the gazette imperial officers of the state were styled as Mansabdars. They were classified into 66 grades, from the rank of 10 to ten thousands 10, constituted.

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