KUPPUSWAMY SCALE 2014 PDF

Kuppus- wamy scale was developed for assessing the SES of an urban individual. It took three parameters into account, namely, education, occupation, and income of the individual It was modified to enable SES assessment of a family rather than an individual. The parameters were modified as education and occupation of the HOF and the income of. These parameters are defined later in this section. The total score is calculated by adding up all the three scores, namely, education, occupation, and total family income. According to the total score thus calculated, the family is placed in the appropriate socioeconomic class as explained in the following Table.

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Kuppus- wamy scale was developed for assessing the SES of an urban individual. It took three parameters into account, namely, education, occupation, and income of the individual It was modified to enable SES assessment of a family rather than an individual.

The parameters were modified as education and occupation of the HOF and the income of. These parameters are defined later in this section. The total score is calculated by adding up all the three scores, namely, education, occupation, and total family income. According to the total score thus calculated, the family is placed in the appropriate socioeconomic class as explained in the following Table. Table: Income of the whole family: Since the time Kuppuswamy scale has been modified to determine the SES of the family rather than an individual, confusion has prevailed whether the income categories are meant to represent the total family income or per capita income.

The general consensus is that the original modification might have been for the whole family income, even against the argument that this does not consider the family size and may misclassify large families. We suggest that the student may calculate the socio economic class of the family by applying both i. The resulting categories can be compared and any difference may be commented upon while presenting the family to the examiner.

Per Capita Family Income The income from all the sources should be added up. This is divided by the total number of members of the family, regardless of the age of the individual. For example, even a baby born on the same day is to be counted.

The student should check for the latest cut offs. The last revision before this article has been done using price index of January Table below. Most of them have received high education but it is not always the case. To this category belong doctors, senior administrative officers, senior lecturers, college principals, advocates, planters owning large estates, expert musicians, newspaper editors, auditors, architects, managing directors of firms, bank managers, etc.

They may also involve lower grade professional training, but the jobs are essentially of a routine nature. Included in this group are mechanical and electrical engineers, high school teachers, lecturers, junior administrators, junior doctors, insurance inspectors, commission agents, musicians, research assistants, etc.

The third category persons need some training in arithmetic and reading and writing. The work here is also essentially of a repetitive nature.

Some typical examples are clerk, typist, and accountant. A shopkeeper as well as a farm owner cannot continue unless they know how to keep accounts and look after the routine management.

Many railway occupations such as station master and guard fall under this. Others such as news correspondent, salesman, insurance agents will continue in this category as long as they operate at the routine level. If they show greater initiative, they move into higher categories.

The petty shopkeeper may also be put into this category because he cannot pursue his occupation without some training regarding where to purchase, how to purchase, and how to sell. Unemployed: The lowest category consists of persons who are unemployed irrespective of their general and professional education or training.

Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, New Delhi. A new instrument scale for measuring the socioeconomic status of a family: preliminary study. Indian J Community Med ;30 4 : —4. Ind J Ped ; —4. Manual of Socioeconomic Status Urban. Delhi: Manasayan; A modification regarding the Kuppuswamy socioeconomic scale. Ind J Pediatr [Epub ahead of print].

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Refining a socio-economic status scale for use in community-based health research in India

With increased opportunities and support, it is now common to muppuswamy that in a family having an uneducated HOF, children or grandchildren have received tertiary level education or professional education. Improvement in these possible lacunae is a priority area considering the wide use of the scale in published literature and in family health advisory postings in urban areas of medical undergraduate students. Mishra D, Singh HP. Abstract The socioeconomic status SES is widely recognized as one of the important factors kuppuswwamy the health condition of an individual or a family. Manual of socio economic status scale urban Delhi: The Kuppuswamy scale in its various forms has held stead over 3 decades now and is still widely used as a measure of socioeconomic status in the urban population.

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MODIFIED KUPPUSWAMY SCALE

Nidhi Bhatnagar, E-mail: moc. Abstract Objective: Socio economic status is an important determinant of health and disease in population. Present study was done to abridge the existing and latest available Aggarwal Scale. Study Design: Cross Sectional Study. Material and methods: All relevant information pertaining to Aggarwal et al scale was collected for households and analyzed in SPSS Results: Four components were selected based on criteria Eigen value of more than one and elbowing in scree plot.

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A Critical Appraisal of Kuppuswamy's Socioeconomic Status Scale in the Present Scenario

E-mail: moc. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The socioeconomic status SES is widely recognized as one of the important factors affecting the health condition of an individual or a family. One of the scales widely used and quoted even today is the one developed by Kuppuswamy. The Kuppuswamy scale in its various forms has held steady over three decades now and is still widely used as a measure of socioeconomic status in the urban population. However, it is important to discuss the applicability in the changed modern scenario.

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