The terminal is 1. Its long and light structure was designed to withstand the violent earthquakes which often affect this region of Japan. Kansai airport rests upon the island like a glider seen in plan — the main body of the airport forming its fuselage, and the boarding gates positioned in its wings. A notable feature, and one of primary importance in the organisation of the airport, is the unobstructed visibility of the planes themselves thanks to the uninterrupted lines of vision through the open departures level Main Terminal Building. The departure level is covered by a large, clear-span, undulating roof of asymmetrical form.
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The high-tech architecture movement, of which the Italian architect Piano was a key proponent, was defined by buildings that utilised the latest developments in technology and industrial design. Since it opened in , the 1. Renzo Piano Building Workshop won an international competition for the airport in , with a design that resembles a glider plane in plan. A total of 42 gates run along its wingspan, with the main body of the airport placed behind it like a fuselage.
The building was arranged to be simple to navigate and had a light structure in order to deal with the risk of earthquakes. Together with Ove Arup and Partners , the design team calculated a way of maximising the number of standardised components uses to create the geometric roof.
Renzo Piano is the Italian high-tech architect Instead of having air conditioners hanging from the ceiling, giant ducts blow air up one side of the airfoil-shaped building, circulating it in a relatively low-energy way. Mobile sculptures by Susumu Shingu hang from the roof, their constant mobility making the flow of air detectable to the , passengers that pass through its doors each day.
Blade-shaped deflectors help channel the air and reflect sunlight from the skylights. Photo is by Susumu Shingu Attached to the long building containing the gates is a building that contains check-in gates and security.
This building is covered by an undulating, wave-like roof that is supported by metre-span beams held up by angled columns. Kansai International Airport was designed to function as a vast machine, transporting people from train or hydrofoil to planes and back again.
Inside, the airport has a layout that is raised at the runway end to create a visual guide through the gates to departures. The asymmetry of the building is designed to make it easier for passengers to orientate themselves. The ticket hall overlooks departures, and a glass partition had to be added after it opened to stop people throwing things to people below.
Piano designed the building for a site that was just coming into existence while he was at the drawing board. Work on the island, which is 2. Stansted Airport "challenged all the rules of terminal design" As a base, 48, concrete tetrahedrons were laid down and covered with million cubic tons of earth that was dredged from the bay, quarried from local mountains, and shipped over from South Korea and China. Finally, columns on hydraulic jacks were driven into the compacted soil to support the foundations.
All this is protected by a seawall of , concrete blocks anchored in steel containers. Photo is by Sky Front The island was supposed to keep the airport almost four metres above sea level for 50 years. However, it began sinking before work began on the terminal in A certain amount of subsidence was planned, however by the island had sunk over eight metres when it had been predicted to subside just under six.
During the storm a tanker crashed into the bridge connecting it to the mainland, stranding 3, people on the island. High-tech is an architectural style that emerged in the UK in the late s, which saw the expression of structural elements and building services usually hidden within buildings. Photography is by Shunji Ishida, unless stated. Main image is by Yoshio Hata.
Kansai International Airport Passenger Terminal Building
Piano is often called a "high-tech" architect because his designs showcase technological shapes and materials. As you view these photos, also notice the refined, classical styling and a nod toward the past, more typical of an Italian Renaissance architect. The young team of British architect Richard Rogers and Italian architect Renzo Piano won the design competition — much to their own surprise. In contrast, the Pompidou was designed as a busy center for fun, social activities, and cultural exchange in a s France of youthful rebellion.
Aeroporto Internazionale del Kansai
History[ edit ] 3rd floor boarding lobby, within the longest airport terminal in the world In the s, when the Kansai region was rapidly losing trade to Tokyo, planners proposed a new airport near Kobe and Osaka. The new airport was part of a number of new developments to revitalize Osaka, which had been losing economic and cultural ground to Tokyo for most of the century. There it could be open 24 hours per day, unlike its predecessor in the city. Kobe Airport is being built on the unfinished island near the middle of the photo. Central Osaka is in the upper-right corner, along with Osaka International. The sea wall was finished in made of rock and 48, tetrapods.
Kansai International Airport