Plot[ edit ] Gregor Samsa wakes up one morning to find himself transformed into a "monstrous vermin". He initially considers the transformation to be temporary and slowly ponders the consequences of this metamorphosis. Unable to get up and leave the bed, Gregor reflects on his job as a traveling salesman and cloth merchant, which he characterizes as an exhausting and never-ending traffic. Gregor attempts to communicate with both the manager and his family, but all they can hear from behind the door is incomprehensible vocalizations.
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His family were German-speaking middle-class Ashkenazi Jews. His father, Hermann Kafka — , was the fourth child of Jakob Kafka,   a shochet or ritual slaughterer in Osek , a Czech village with a large Jewish population located near Strakonice in southern Bohemia. After working as a travelling sales representative, he eventually became a fashion retailer who employed up to 15 people and used the image of a jackdaw kavka in Czech, pronounced and colloquially written as kafka as his business logo.
In November the family moved into a bigger apartment, although Ellie and Valli had married and moved out of the first apartment. In early August , just after World War I began, the sisters did not know where their husbands were in the military and moved back in with the family in this larger apartment.
Both Ellie and Valli also had children. His Jewish education ended with his bar mitzvah celebration at the age of Kafka never enjoyed attending the synagogue and went with his father only on four high holidays a year. German was the language of instruction, but Kafka also spoke and wrote in Czech. In addition, law required a longer course of study, giving Kafka time to take classes in German studies and art history. His correspondence during that period indicates that he was unhappy with a work schedule—from until   —that made it extremely difficult to concentrate on writing, which was assuming increasing importance to him.
On 15 July , he resigned. The job involved investigating and assessing compensation for personal injury to industrial workers; accidents such as lost fingers or limbs were commonplace, owing to poor work safety policies at the time. It was especially true of factories fitted with machine lathes , drills , planing machines and rotary saws , which were rarely fitted with safety guards.
Kafka was rapidly promoted and his duties included processing and investigating compensation claims, writing reports, and handling appeals from businessmen who thought their firms had been placed in too high a risk category, which cost them more in insurance premiums. The reports were well received by his superiors. Kafka showed a positive attitude at first, dedicating much of his free time to the business, but he later resented the encroachment of this work on his writing time. After seeing a Yiddish theatre troupe perform in October , for the next six months Kafka "immersed himself in Yiddish language and in Yiddish literature".
He later attempted to join the military but was prevented from doing so by medical problems associated with tuberculosis ,  with which he was diagnosed in On 13 August , Kafka met Felice Bauer , a relative of Brod, who worked in Berlin as a representative of a dictaphone company. I was not at all curious about who she was, but rather took her for granted at once. Bony, empty face that wore its emptiness openly. Bare throat.
A blouse thrown on. Looked very domestic in her dress although, as it turned out, she by no means was. I alienate myself from her a little by inspecting her so closely Almost broken nose. Blonde, somewhat straight, unattractive hair, strong chin. As I was taking my seat I looked at her closely for the first time, by the time I was seated I already had an unshakeable opinion. Kafka and Felice Bauer communicated mostly through letters over the next five years, met occasionally, and were engaged twice.
Before the date of the intended marriage, he took up with yet another woman. The boy, whose name is not known, was born in or and died in Munich in He felt comfortable there and later described this time as perhaps the best period of his life, probably because he had no responsibilities.
He kept diaries and Oktavhefte octavo. From the notes in these books, Kafka extracted numbered pieces of text on Zettel, single pieces of paper in no given order. His letters to her were later published as Briefe an Milena. Kafka, hoping to escape the influence of his family to concentrate on his writing, moved briefly to Berlin September March and lived with Diamant.
She became his lover and sparked his interest in the Talmud. However, those who met him invariably found him to possess a quiet and cool demeanor, obvious intelligence, and a dry sense of humour; they also found him boyishly handsome, although of austere appearance.
Dazu bin ich ja hier, das ist mir ganz klar. And a thousand times rather be torn to pieces than retain it in me or bury it. He had several girlfriends and lovers across his life. Doctor Manfred M. Fichter of the Psychiatric Clinic, University of Munich , presented "evidence for the hypothesis that the writer Franz Kafka had suffered from an atypical anorexia nervosa ",  and that Kafka was not just lonely and depressed but also "occasionally suicidal".
The synthesis of Zionism and socialism did not yet exist". Opinions ranged from the notion that he satirised the bureaucratic bungling of a crumbling Austro-Hungarian Empire , to the belief that he embodied the rise of socialism.
His diary is full of references to Yiddish writers. On 8 January , he wrote in his diary: Was habe ich mit Juden gemeinsam? I have hardly anything in common with myself and should stand very quietly in a corner, content that I can breathe. The truth lies in some very elusive place between these two simplistic poles". According to Rothkirchen, "This situation lent their writings a broad cosmopolitan outlook and a quality of exaltation bordering on transcendental metaphysical contemplation.
An illustrious example is Franz Kafka". Bergman refused to host Kafka because he had young children and was afraid that Kafka would infect them with tuberculosis.
He went to Dr. He rose to fame rapidly after his death,  particularly after World War II. The Kafka tombstone was designed by architect Leopold Ehrmann.
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