GRUTAS JUXTLAHUACA GUERRERO PDF

En Techan el espacio semicircular de la cueva —de Los personajes muestran arcos superciliares pronunciados, —especialmente el llamado Monumento 2— bocas con labios superiores abultados e inferiores con las comisuras hacia abajo que les provee la apariencia de hombres felinos. Kent Reilly iii, De ellos ya se han identificado una serie de deidades asociadas al cielo, la tierra, el agua y el fuego, que incluyen atributos de animales poderosos como serpientes, felinos, saurios y aves que las transforman en entidades poderosas. Pertinente es, entonces, la pregunta sobre la alternativa por la que se optaba en la 43 i.

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The cave[ edit ] Juxtlahuaca and other Olmec-related sites in the Formative Period. The caves, also called Grutas de Juxtlahuaca "Grottos of Juxtlahuaca" , are a favorite destination of spelunkers.

The caves are open to the public, but a local guide is required. The paintings[ edit ] The red jaguar. The most well-known of the cave art is Painting 1, which features a large bearded man with a black cloak, a striped tunic, and an elaborate headpiece. The arms and legs are covered with jaguar fur, and a small jaguar tail is even visible dangling down. The man is brandishing a trident at a much smaller figure crouched to his side and is carrying a long snake or snakelike object.

Also of note in Juxtlahuaca is a painting of a red Feathered Serpent with green plumes, near a red jaguar whose large ears and eyes give it a youthful cast. A design that has provisionally been interpreted as a temple was found on a stalagmite.

Gay, an Italian businessman. Archaeologist Michael D. Coe has estimated that the paintings "might probably be Early Preclassic BC, uncalibrated " in date. It is also not known how Olmec-influenced art came to be painted hundreds of kilometres or miles from the Olmec heartland. Caves are prominent on many Olmec-style monuments: several Olmec " altars " depict priests or rulers emerging from caves, and monuments and reliefs at the archaeological site of Chalcatzingo , to the north of Juxtlahuaca, also feature cave motifs.

Other artifacts[ edit ] A photo of the ruler and smaller figure. A dozen skeletons have been found in the so-called Hall of the Dead, located midway between the entrance and the paintings.

From their positions, some extended and some in a fetal position, and their condition, covered with a stalactite crust, the skeletons are assumed to be ancient interments. Some have been partially buried as a result of a cave-in. The purpose of this canal is not known.

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