Focusing particularly on genocide, but also on other forms of mass killing, torture, and war, Ervin Staub explores the psychological, cultural, and societal roots of group aggression. Such notions as cultural stereotyping and devaluation, societal self-concept, moral exclusion, the need for connection, authority orientation, personal and group goals, "better world" ideologies, justification, and moral equilibrium find a place in his analysis, and he addresses the relevant evidence from the behavioral sciences. Within this conceptual framework, Staub then considers the behavior of perpetrators and bystanders in four historical situations: the Holocaust his primary example , the genocide of Armenians in Turkey, the "autogenocide" in Cambodia, and the "disappearances" in Argentina. Throughout, he is concerned with the roots of caring and the psychology of heroic helpers. In his concluding chapters, he reflects on the socialization of children at home and in schools, and on the societal practices and processes that facilitate the development of caring persons, and of care and cooperation among groups. A wide audience will find The Roots of Evil thought-provoking reading.
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The Roots of Evil by Ervin Staub is one of them in my life. I was at one of those life-choices that we sometimes make. Studying psychology cleared up a lot of questions in my mind. Genocide, mass killing, torture and war. Psychology, socialization and culture. How does one go from being a regular, boring person to being a torturer of citizens of ones own country? How did Hitler get an average population of humans to participate in invasion and genocide? In this clip Stephen Fry discusses the importance of language in the mass-extermination of eight million people during World War II in Europe.
During his time at Grini one of the POW camps he was tortured for information regarding his cell-mates. Not the kind of cell-mates you have in prison, but the kind you have when you participate in resistance against those you consider your oppressors.
He was part of the Communist underground. Torture is one of the many practices of war that Staub discusses in The Roots of Evil. He shows us how the torturer is habituated to the specialized kind of violence that torture is and he shows us that these torturers are simply people.
After the war, the US was incredibly strict about some of the rules for receiving Marshall aid. One of them was a fight against the Evil of Communism.
My war-hero grandfather remained an unsung hero due to his political views. He was harassed by employers and spied on by our Norwegian surveillance department. There again propaganda reared its ugly head and lessened his value as a human being.
The practice of killing all of the men above a certain age while keeping women and younger children alive goes at the very least back to our earliest written records.
This was the Roman destruction of Carthage. Nothing new. According to Staub, we need to learn to interpret early warning signs in order to avoid getting to a point where genocide happens. By that time, it will be too late. According to Staub cultural and social patterns and historical circumstances are vital in understanding whether a country, a people or a belief is in the danger zone.
And are there ever plenty of traps that people can fall into even those who are aware of the dangers : Cultural stereotyping.
Staub, Ervin: The Roots of Evil – The Origins of Genocide and Other Group Violence (1992)
Gardajin He knew the relatives from business trips to Hungary, so he had a personal connection to people in need. According to Staub, what did Wallenberg and other rescuers need to stay motivated to help the Jews? Staub is a world renowned expert on the psychology of mass murder and genocide. Selected pages Title Page. Since then, he has published and edited numerous books and articles focusing on morality, pro-social behavior, genocide, peace and violence. The Roots of Evil Read copyright notice and disclaimer. Or, get it for Kobo Super Points!
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