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Central Administration[ edit ] The central administration is in charge of general administrative management; moreover, it acts as a service provider for all areas of the library. The department is responsible for the areas "budget", "human resources" and "internal services, construction". Collection Development and Cataloguing[ edit ] This department acquires all types of media in the form or by way of presents, purchase, licensing, deposit copies and swapping items , and catalogues and indexes them both formally and according to subject.
The Munich Digitisation Centre is a section of the department. It handles the digitisation and online publication of the cultural heritage preserved by the Bavarian State Library and by other institutions. It provides one of the largest and fastest growing digital collections in Germany. The department is also responsible for conservation and collection care. This division protects the media published from the year onward against damage and decay.
It secures their long-term availability. User Services[ edit ] The user services department acts as an agent of the collections and services of the library. The department consists of the divisions of document provision, document administration, document delivery and information- and reading-room services. Manuscripts and Early Printed Books[ edit ] The department of manuscripts and early printed books is responsible for the most valuable historical collections of the library.
The worldwide renown of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek is founded on this precious heritage. The department has a separate reading room that is specially equipped for working with old books. Special Departments[ edit ] Map Collection and Image Archive[ edit ] This department administrates printed maps from the year up to the present, atlases, cartographic material and the image archive of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek.
The Map Collection and Image Archive also have - together with the department of music - their own reading room. Its beginnings date back to the 16th century. The area of collection emphasis "musicology" of the German Research Foundation is overseen by this department.
A special reading room for music, maps and images is provided for the library users. Users can avail themselves of the open-access collections in the east reading room occupied together with the department of Eastern Europe. Department of Eastern Europe Osteuropaabteilung [ edit ] The department of Eastern Europe is the largest special department of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, holding around one million books about and from Eastern Europe, from early modern times up to the 21st century.
In addition to the eastern European area, it also addresses eastern central and south-eastern Europe as well as the Asian part of Russia. They are subordinated to the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek in the organisation structure. History[ edit ] The library was founded in as the court library of Duke Albrecht V , and was originally located in the vaulted chamber of the Alter Hof old court of the Munich residence. Initially, two book collections were acquired: on the one hand the personal papers of the Austrian jurist, orientalist and imperial chancellor Johann Albrecht Widmannstetter , consisting of oriental manuscripts and prints, editions of classic authors and works from the areas of theology, philosophy und jurisprudence, and on the other hand the collection of the Augsburg patrician Johann Jakob Fugger, which was acquired in Fugger had commissioned agents to collect volumes of manuscripts and printed works in Italy, Spain and the Netherlands.
In the end the works collected in this way amounted to more than 10, volumes. At the same time, he had had manuscripts copied in Venice. Apart from this, in Fugger had purchased the collection of manuscripts and incunabula of the physician and humanist Hartmann Schedel , representing one of the richest humanistic private libraries north of the Alps. The Fugger collection was first administrated and organised by the physician Samuel Quichelberg from Antwerp.
He had adopted the shelving system of the Augsburg court library. Later the collection was administered by the librarian Wolfgang Prommer, who had catalogued the collection both alphabetically and according to keywords.
Aegidius Oertel from Nuremberg became the first librarian in The main users of the library were the Jesuits, who had been invited to Munich in The original plan was to erect the building at Ludwigstrasse 1. The blueprints were completed in For lack of funds the laying of the foundation stone had to be postponed to 8 July In the library received the name that it still bears today: Bayerische Staatsbibliothek.
During the Second World War more than , volumes were lost, although the collections were partly evacuated from the building.
Some of the books were for example stored in the palace chapel of Schloss Haimhausen. The reconstruction of the library building and the reintegration of evacuated holdings started in They made an available surface of The inauguration of the restored south wing of the building in marked the conclusion of the reconstruction work on the building.
The Speicherbibliothek Garching book repository was inaugurated in The Bayerische Staatsbibliothek has also initiated large-scale internet projects. In the Munich Digitization Center took up work and the BSB started developing its web portals, including its own web site. The card catalogue and the catalogue of incunabula were converted, thus making the complete holdings of printed materials of the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek available online.
The service "Digitisation on Demand", offered by a network of several European libraries, makes millions of books published between and available in digital form. The most recent example is the restitution of the so-called Plock Pontifical to Poland in April In the past years, the library has searched through those segments of its collections that are in question for illegitimate purchases.
All in all, over 60, books have been meticulously checked so far. The library has identified around books whose acquisition is to be regarded as unlawful.
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