The title of this lyric poem, Banalata Sen, is a female character referred to by name in the last line of each of its three stanzas. The poem is self-narrated by an unnamed traveller. Banalata Sen is the name of a woman whom the poem describes as being from the town of Natore , a town in Bangladesh. In the first stanza the traveller describes seeing her after having wandered upon the earth over thousands of years.
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He is one of the pioneers of modernity in Bangla poetry. Although Nazrul Islam influenced the first poem of Jibanananda, he became an explorer of the fundamental and different paths from the second poem. He began to gain popularity from the beginning of his death until the end of the twentieth century. When his birth anniversary celebrated in , he became one of the most famous poets in Bengali literature. Buddhadev Basu has described as the most lonely poet.
Many of the critics consider him the chief poet of Bengali literature after Rabindranath and Nazrul. AlthoughJibanananda Das is primarily a poet, he has authored and published several essays. However, before his death in , he wrote 21 novels and short stories, none of which published in his lifetime. His life spent in extreme poverty.
During the latter part of the twentieth century, his influence on Bengali poetry has seamlessly printed.
His ancestors were residents of Bikrampur pargana in the Dhaka district of Bangladesh. His grandfather Sarvananda Dasgupta relocated from Vikrampur to Barisal.
Sarvananda Dasgupta was a Hindu by birth; Later, he initiated into Brahma. He participated in the early stages of the Brahma Samaj movement in Barisal and widely praised for his humanitarian work. His well-known poem Ideal Boy when the boy will grow up in our country, or grow up to work or grow up in words is still a text for the children. Jibanananda was the eldest child of the parents; His nickname was Milu. His brother Ashokananda Das was born in and his sister Sucharita Das was born in Although shy, he had a passion for sports, gardening, traveling and swimming.
He has been to many places with an uncle since childhood. Once in childhood, you got into a difficult illness. Mother and maternal grandmother traveled to places like Laxmou, Agra, Delhi, along with poet Chandranath of the song of laughter.
While in school, he started composing in Bangla and English. He also tended to paint his pictures at the time. In , Brajmohan passed the Matriculation now secondary or SSc examination in the first division from the school. After two years, repeat the previous results in the Intermediate Higher Secondary examination from Brazmohan College; He then left Barisal for admission to Calcutta University. In , he received his B. In that year, his first poem published in the Baishakh volume of the Brahmaist magazine.
The name of the poem was Varsha Abahon. The poem later replaced its first poem, Jhora Palok. It was only in that his first essay was published in three consecutive volumes in the Brahmavadi magazine, at the shrine of the late Kalimohan Das.
Gradually his writings appeared in various literary journals in Kolkata, Dhaka and other places; Among these were the well-known magazines of the time, Kallol, Ink and Pens, Pragati etc. In , the first poetical poem of the poet was published by Jhara Palk. He lost his job at City College, just months after the first poem was published. The deportation was the cause of a long life-long mood. Even his poetry faced critical criticism in the Calcutta literature.
The poet joined Prafulla Chandra College in the small town of Bagerhat as there was no work to do in Kolkata. However, he returned to Kolkata only two months later. At that time he was on the board of the Presidency.
He was in dire financial distress due to lack of jobs. He worked as a home teacher for a living, and earned a little from writing. At the same time he was looking for a job in various educational institutes. In December , he joined Ramayash College in Delhi as a professor. Here, his tenure is only four months. On May 9, , he was married to the goddess of the labyrinth. Lavanya Gupta was studying at Eden College, Dhaka. She did not return to Delhi after marriage. Then for about five years, Jibanananda Das was inactive.
Occasionally worked as an agent for an insurance company; Did business with borrowing money from younger brother, But none of this has lasted. In the meantime, the unemployment of Jibanananda was not the cause of family distress as his father was alive and his wife was living in Barisal.
In , the first child of the poet, Manjushri was born. About that time, in his camp, the poem was published in the Identity paper edited by Sudhindranath Dutt and at the same time it was widely criticized in Calcutta literature. The apparent content of the poem was deer hunting on a hot night. Many read this poem and identify it as obscene.
He wrote several short stories and novels during this period of his unemployment, struggles and frustrations; — but did not publish them in his lifetime.
In , he composed a series of lyrics, which later formed the main part of his Rupsi Bangla poem. Neither did these poems rejoice. After his death in , he collected poems in to publish the Rupsi Bangla poem by his sister Sucharita Das and poet Gehendra Guha, a well-known poet of Mayukh.
He joined the English department as a lecturer there. This line poem is currently considered one of the most popular Bengali language poems. Jibanananda had already arranged everything in Barisal. In November , his son, Samarinda, was born. In , his fourth poetry, Mahaprithibi published.
He had to publish three of his earlier poems at his own expense, but he got a publisher for the Mahaprithibi. The impression of war is evident in this poem published during World War II. Returning to Barisal in need of a job, Kolkata was very drawn to Jibanananda. He enjoyed the expansive range of Kolkata. He always thought of migrating to Calcutta. When the opportunity arose, Khulna from Barisal on the steamer then sailed to Kolkata via Benapole on the train.
Jinnah-led Muslim leaders demanded the formation of a separate state for the Muslims. As a result, it became inevitable for Bengal to be divided, as the eastern part was Muslim majority and Hindus were the majority in the western part. At that time in , the communal riots broke out in Bengal.
Sometimes always been vocal in support of communal harmony. When the Hindu-Muslim riots broke out in Kolkata in , the poet wrote the poem. Some of the partition, he took leave from BM College, came to Calcutta. He stayed in Kolkata for a few months with an extended vacation. He came to East Bengal after that but it was temporary.
In , some of his family members left Bangladesh, then East Pakistan, and settled in Calcutta. But the job was permanent for only seven months.
This is a departure from the dignity of a prose essay on Kazi Nazrul Islam. In the meantime, Jibanananda Das had made a place for himself in the literary society of Kolkata. Sometimes he taught at Kharagpur College. His popular poetry book, Banalta Sen, published in in a revised edition by Signet Press. Shortly before his death, when he offered a teaching job at Howrah Girls College, his unrest in Kolkata resolved. Career He was beginning and ending his career in teaching. After completing his MA, he started studying law when he needed on the boarding of college in Kolkata.
During this time, he started teaching as a tutor at City College, conducted by the Brahma Samaj in Calcutta in In , when the troubles with Saraswati worship started, the college authorities cut him off with some other teachers.
For a brief period of his life, he employed in the literary department of Swaraj, a daily newspaper of Kolkata. His career was not smooth at all. The lack of a job or a healthy living gave him death. He is knocking on the doorstep for a job. His wife, Lavanya Das, has recovered a bit of a lack of livelihood by teaching at the school. He was working at Howrah Girls College at the time of her premature death in During his two years of unemployment, he worked as an agent for an insurance company and worked mainly as a home educator.
Besides, he tried for years. Poverty and paucity were the shadows of his career. He survived by his daughter Manjushri Das and son Samanand Das. Literary life Probably he started writing poems in his childhood as a result of mother Kusumkumari Das. In a poem written by him was published.
Jibanananda Das Biography