Moreover, the text has undergone alterations in the form of additions and explanations over a period of time. The date of the commentary is uncertain but according to Olivelle it is not very ancient. Chapter 17 and 18 in Book Two lays emphasis on various types of ascetics and acetic practices. It also refers to social classes, the role of the king, marriage, and suspension of Vedic recitation.

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Moreover, the text has undergone alterations in the form of additions and explanations over a period of time. The date of the commentary is uncertain but according to Olivelle it is not very ancient. Chapter 17 and 18 in Book Two lays emphasis on various types of ascetics and acetic practices.

It also refers to social classes, the role of the king, marriage, and suspension of Vedic recitation. Book two refers to penances, inheritance, women, householder, orders of life, ancestral offerings. Book three refers to holy householders, forest hermit and penances. Book four primarily refers to the yogic practices and penances along with offenses regarding marriage.

A rope stretched along the length of the diagonal produces an area which the vertical and horizontal sides make together. Since the diagonal of a rectangle is the hypotenuse of the right triangle formed by two adjacent sides, the statement is seen to be equivalent to the Pythagorean theorem.

Explanation: Draw the half-diagonal of the square, which is larger than the half-side by x.

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## Indian Mathematician Baudhayana Originally Discovered Pythagorean Theorem

It is one of the earliest Sulba Sutras written. Now Sulba Sutras are nothing but appendices to famous Vedas and primarily dealt with rules of altar construction. In Baudhayana Sulbasutra, there are several mathematical formulae or results that told how to precisely construct an altar. In essence, Baudhayana Sulbasutra was more like a pocket dictionary, full of formulae and results for quick references. Baudhayana essentially belonged to Yajurveda school and hence, most of his work on mathematics was primarily for ensuring that all sacrificial rituals were performed accurately.

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## Baudhayana

Born: about BC in India Died: about BC in India Biographies index To write a biography of Baudhayana is essentially impossible since nothing is known of him except that he was the author of one of the earliest Sulbasutras. We do not know his dates accurately enough to even guess at a life span for him, which is why we have given the same approximate birth year as death year. He was neither a mathematician in the sense that we would understand it today, nor a scribe who simply copied manuscripts like Ahmes. He would certainly have been a man of very considerable learning but probably not interested in mathematics for its own sake, merely interested in using it for religious purposes.

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## Baudhayana: The Original Mathematician Behind Pythagoras Theorem

He is noted as the author of the earliest Sulba Sutraâ€”appendices to the Vedas giving rules for the construction of altarsâ€”called the Baudhayana sulbasutra, which contained several important mathematical results. He is older than the other famous mathematician Apastambha and belongs to the Yajurveda school. Baudhayan was the first one ever to arrive at several concepts in Mathematics, which were later rediscovered by the western world. The value of pi was first calculated by him.

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## Baudhayana sutras

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