In the Punjab Assembly elections which took place in March their tally was a mere 24 seats out of a total of , and the Punjab Government passed into the hands of the Congress Party, with Giani Zail Singh later, President of India as chief minister. This electoral debacle led to self introspection on the part of the Shiromani Akali Dal which appointed on 11 December a subcommittee to reflect upon the situation and to proclaim afresh the programme and policies of the Dal. The first meeting of the sub committee took place at Amritsar. The venue then shifted to Chandigarh where the committee completed its task in ten successive meetings.
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It is situated near the Sutlej river, the longest of the five rivers that flow through the historic crossroads region of Punjab. He previously lived in Kiratpur, but given the disputes with Ram Rai — the elder son Guru Har Rai and other sects of Sikhism , he moved to village in Makhoval.
He named it Chakk Nanaki after his mother. In , Guru Tegh Bahadur was tortured and beheaded for refusing to convert to Islam under the orders of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb , a martyrdom that led Sikhs to rename the town to Anandpur and crown his son Gobind Das as per his orders also known as Gobind Rai  as his successor and famous as Guru Gobind Singh. Fenech and W. This triggered Aurangzeb and his vassal Hindu kings around Anandpur to blockade Anandpur.
His death led to the Mughal army fleeing the battlefield. Aurangzeb then sent a larger army with two generals, Wazir Khan and Zaberdast Khan in May , to destroy the Sikh resistance. Sometimes the hill chiefs and Guru Gobind Singh cooperated in a battle, sometimes they fought against each other, where the difficult mountainous terrain made it difficult for the Mughal to subdue everyone with force and the terrain made it easier for Pahari chieftains to rebel against the Mughals routinely.
Punjab Heritage Tourism Promotion Board paid to have it installed in order to attract worldwide tourism. These historical locations now feature the following Gurdwaras: Gurudwara Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib : is the principal Sikh temple in the town.
It marks the birthplace of Khalsa and one of the five religious authorities Five Takhts of Sikhism. Standing on a hillock, the present complex was built between and The dome of the Gurdwara is fluted lotus. He entrusted an Udasi Sikh named Gurbakhsh to protect this shrine when he left Anandpur in The Gurdwara was enlarged and renovated in the s.
Around the sanctum is a 4. The basement level has a room with a 1. It now houses the Guru Granth Sahib. They came to seek protection from Aurangzeb and requested Guru Teg Bahadur to save them from forcible conversions to Islam.
It was built by a pujari named Man Singh in This Gurdwara remembers the residential quarters of Guru Tegh Bahadur. He used to welcome and counsel Sikh sangats who would visit him. Guru Gobind Singh was designated as the tenth guru at this place. The octagonal domed building here was built in 20th century. Here, Guru Gobind Singh used to train his sons. This place was used as playground; wrestling and other competitions were held here. In early days of eighteenth century this place was a big garden during skirmishes between Sikh Army and Bilaspur Army, many Sikh soldiers laid their lives here in this garden, hence this place is termed as Gurdwara Shaeedhi Bagh.
She was cremated near Quilla Holgarh Sahib. This place is now termed Gurdwara Mata Jit Kaur. The foundation stone was laid here. The buildings to commemorate each of these were built between late s and the late s:  Qila Anandgarh Sahib: This was the main fort, after which the city was also named Anandpur Sahib.
The Army once resided here. Two trickling springs, claimed to be dug out from the stony mountain-side by the 10th Guru, still exist today. His unbiased service has been compared to the functions of the Red Cross. Religion in Anandpur Sahib  Religion.
The Anandpur Sahib Resolution and Other Akali Demands
It is interesting to note that it was drafted in and it was only after the Govt failed to accept these basic demands many of which most States already enjoyed from that the Sikhs were forced into the Dharam Yudh Morcha Agitation and protest. Sant Jarnail Singh Khalsa Bhindranwale was accused of terrorism and various other crimes by the Government and the national media. On the 20th of September , Sant Ji offered himself for arrest. Sant Ji was released after the Central Home Minister, declared in Parliament on 14 October that there was no evidence against him. These were peaceful protests to support the implementation of The Anandpur Sahib Resolution.
Resolution No. The Shiromani Akali Dal realizes that India is a federal and republican geographical entity of different languages, religions and cultures. To safeguard the fundamental rights of the religious and linguistic minorities, to fulfil the demands of the democratic traditions and to pave the way for economic progress it has become imperative that the Indian constitutional infrastructure should be given a real federal shape by redefining the Central and State relations and rights on the line of aforesaid principles and objectives. The concept of the total revolution given by Lok Naik Sh. Jaya Parkash Narain also based upon the progressive decentralization of powers.